Kazakhstan

Emergency contraception (EC) is available in Kazakhstan: local pharmacies, hospitals, and family planning clinics distribute EC, but EC is not reimbursed or covered by social security and is not included in national policies for family planning.

Sexual & reproductive health background information

Female population aged 15-49 Mean age at first sexual intercourse Mean age at birth of first child Total fertility rate % use of modern contraceptive methods
Estimate 4,442,0001 20.82 27.63 2.594 63.9%2
Year 2010 1999 2010 2011 1999

Accessibility & prescription status

In Kazakhstan, LNG EC and UPA EC are available only by prescription from pharmacies, hospitals, and family planning clinics. However, although regulations dictate that a prescription is mandatory in order to purchase EC, anecdotal data suggests that it is often sold without a prescription from pharmacies.

Physicians are the sole health care professionals who are authorized to prescribe LNG EC and UPA EC.

Cost

Type of EC Approximate Cost Brand(s) Available
LNG € 5,54 Escapelle, Postinor
UPA € 15,10 Dvella

The cost of EC is not reimbursed or covered by social security in Kazakhstan. However, EC is distributed free of charge by family planning clinics and youth clinics in regions where EC is purchased from Kazakhstan’s regional budget by the local health department.

Guidelines & common practices

There are no national clinical guidelines on EC in Kazakhstan. Health care providers sometimes provide general information about EC during regular consultations and often prescribe EC in advance of need.

EC use

Ever use of EC EC use in the last 12 months % with no prescription Repeated use of EC in last 12 months
Estimate 2.22 n/a n/a n/a
Year 1999 n/a n/a n/a

 

Sources

1 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. New York, 2011.

2 Kazakhstan Demographic and Health Survey 1999. Retrieved 20 June 2013, from http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/FR111/FR111.pdf.

3 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division Database. Mean Age of Women at Birth of First Child by Country and Year. Updated 23 November 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/dialog/varval.asp?ma=04_GEFHAge1stChild_r&path=../database/STAT/30-GE/02-Families_households/&lang=1&ti=Mean+age+of+women+at+birth+of+first+child.

4 European health for all database (HFA-DB), World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. Total fertility rate. Retrieved 18 June 2013, from http://data.euro.who.int/hfadb/.