Lithuania

Emergency contraception (EC) is available in Lithuania: LNG EC, UPA EC, and the use of IUD for EC are included in national policies for family planning, and local pharmacies distribute EC, but EC is not reimbursed or covered by social security.

Sexual & reproductive health background information

Female population aged 15-49 Mean age at first sexual intercourse Mean age at birth of first child Total fertility rate % use of modern contraceptive methods
Estimate 798,0001 n/a 26.62 1.553 33.2%4
Year 2010 n/a 2010 2011 1994-95

Accessibility & prescription status

In Lithuania, LNG EC is available behind the counter from pharmacies, which means that EC is available without a prescription but is not on the shelves and needs to be requested in order to purchase.  UPA EC can only be purchased with a prescription from pharmacies.

Physicians and pharmacists are authorized to provide or prescribe LNG EC, but only physicians are authorized to prescribe UPA EC.

Cost

Type of EC Approximate Cost Brand(s) Available
LNG € 15 Escapelle, Postinor-2
UPA € 30 ellaOne

The cost of EC is not reimbursed or covered by social security in Lithuania.

Guidelines & common practices

The Lithuanian University of Health Sciences issued recommendations in 2008 on LNG and UPA EC pills as well as on the use of IUD for EC, among other contraceptive methods.  Since these recommendations are only available to employees of the University, Lithuania also uses the 2008 World Health Organization’s Medical Eligibility Criteria for Contraceptive Use as guidelines for EC.

Health care providers often provide general information about EC during regular consultations but rarely prescribe EC in advance of need, since LNG EC is available without a prescription in pharmacies. Health care providers also do not require a pregnancy test or a pelvic exam before prescribing EC.

EC use

Ever use of EC EC use in the last 12 months % with no prescription Repeated use of EC in last 12 months
Estimate n/a n/a n/a n/a
Year n/a n/a n/a n/a

 

Sources

1 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. New York, 2011.

2 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division Database. Mean Age of Women at Birth of First Child by Country and Year. Updated 23 November 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/dialog/varval.asp?ma=04_GEFHAge1stChild_r&path=../database/STAT/30-GE/02-Families_households/&lang=1&ti=Mean+age+of+women+at+birth+of+first+child.

3 European health for all database (HFA-DB), World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. Total fertility rate. Retrieved 18 June 2013, from http://data.euro.who.int/hfadb/.

4 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Contraceptive Use 2012. New York, 2012.