Romania

Emergency contraception (EC) is available in Romania: LNG EC, UPA EC and the use of IUD for EC are available, and local pharmacies and family planning clinics distribute EC.

Sexual & reproductive health background information

Female population aged 15-49 Mean age at first sexual intercourse Mean age at birth of first child Total fertility rate % use of modern contraceptive methods
Estimate 5,394,0001 142 26.03 1.34 38.2%5
Year 2010 2011 2010 2010 2004

Accessibility & prescription status

In Romania, LNG EC is available over the counter from pharmacies and family planning clinics, which means that EC can be purchased without a prescription, the drug is on the shelves, and a woman can just take it to the check-out counter. Since 2015 UPA EC can be purchased without a prescription from pharmacies.

Physicians and pharmacists are the only health care professionals who are authorized to provide or prescribe EC.

Cost

Type of EC Approximate Cost Brand(s) Available
LNG € 13 Escapelle, Postinor-2
UPA 20* ellaOne
*The price of UPA ranges from 15 to 24 €, VAT included, depending on the pharmacy. 
The cost of EC is not reimbursed or covered by social security in Romania.

Guidelines & common practices

Romania has several references that are used to guide EC use. Contraceptia si sanatatea reproducerii – ghid practic de utilizare a contraceptiei orale combinate si a dispozitivelor intrauterine, published in 2006; Ghid pentru managementul contraceptiei, published in 2006; and Planificarea familiala – ghid practic pentru furnizorii de servicii de planificare familiala, published in 2008. Among these three references are recommendations on LNG EC pills as well as on the use of IUD for EC.

In 2015, the Societatea de Educație Contraceptivă și Sexuală and the Asociația de Planificare Familială din România, published ”Contracepția de urgență. Un ghid pentru furnizarea de ser- vicii în Europa”, in which recommendations for LNG, UPA and the Cooper IUD for EC are provided.

Health care providers sometimes provide general information about EC during regular consultations and sometimes prescribe EC in advance of need. Health care providers do not require a pregnancy test or a pelvic exam before prescribing EC.

EC use

Ever use of EC EC use in the last 12 months % with no prescription Repeated use of EC in last 12 months
Estimate n/a n/a n/a n/a
Year n/a n/a n/a n/a

 

Sources

1 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. New York, 2011.

2 Study on sexual behavior. Evenimentul Zilei. 20 March 2011, from http://www.evz.ro/index.php.

3 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division Database. Mean Age of Women at Birth of First Child by Country and Year. Updated 23 November 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/dialog/varval.asp?ma=04_GEFHAge1stChild_r&path=../database/STAT/30-GE/02-Families_households/&lang=1&ti=Mean+age+of+women+at+birth+of+first+child.

4 European health for all database (HFA-DB), World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe. Total fertility rate. Retrieved 18 June 2013, from http://data.euro.who.int/hfadb/.

5 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Contraceptive Use 2012. New York, 2012.

Last update: September 2015