Turkey

Emergency contraception (EC) is available in Turkey: LNG EC is included in national guidelines for family planning, and local pharmacies distribute LNG EC and UPA EC, but EC is not reimbursed or covered by social security.

Sexual & reproductive health background information

Female population aged 15-49 Mean age at first sexual intercourse Mean age at birth of first child Total fertility rate % use of modern contraceptive methods among married women
Estimate 19,647,0001 17.92 22.33 2.044 46.0%5
Year 2010 2005 2010 2010 2008

Accessibility & prescription status

In Turkey, LNG EC is available behind the counter from pharmacies, which means that EC is available without a prescription but is not on the shelves and needs to be requested in order to purchase. Since 2014, however, there has been no LNG EC product available in Turkey. UPA EC is only available by prescription from pharmacies as of May 2014, although anecdotal data suggests that it is sometimes sold without a prescription.

Physicians are the sole health care professionals who are authorized to provide or prescribe LNG EC and to prescribe UPA EC.

Cost

Type of EC Approximate Cost Brand(s) Available
LNG € 5,10 NorLevo 0.75mg
UPA € 15,70 ellaOne

The cost of LNG EC is not reimbursed or covered by social security in Turkey.

Guidelines

“Oral Kontrasepsiyon Kilavuzu,” published in 2012 by the Turkish Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, includes information on LNG EC among other contraceptive methods. Additionally, the WHO medical eligibility criteria wheel for contraceptive use, 2008 update, published in 2009 by the World Health Organization’s Department of Reproductive Health and Research, is used to guide EC use in Turkey.

EC use

Ever use of EC among married women EC use in the last 12 months % with no prescription Repeated use of EC in last 12 months
Estimate 2.3%5 n/a 99.83%6 n/a
Year 2008 n/a 2012 n/a

 

Sources

1 United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. New York, 2011.

2 Durex Global Sex Survey Results 2005. Retrieved 20 June 2013, from http://www.durex.com/en-jp/sexualwellbeingsurvey/documents/gss2005result.pdf.

3 United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Statistical Division Database. Mean Age of Women at Birth of First Child by Country and Year. Updated 23 November 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://w3.unece.org/pxweb/dialog/varval.asp?ma=04_GEFHAge1stChild_r&path=../database/STAT/30-GE/02-Families_households/&lang=1&ti=Mean+age+of+women+at+birth+of+first+child.

4 Eurostat. Total fertility rate, 1960-2011 (live births per woman). Retrieved 19 June 2013, from http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/index.php?title=File:Total_fertility_rate,_1960-2011_%28live_births_per_woman%29.png&filetimestamp=20130129121040.

5 Turkey Demographic and Health Survey 2008. Retrieved 27 August 2013, from http://www.hips.hacettepe.edu.tr/eng/tdhs08/TDHS-2008_Main_Report.pdf.

6 IMS Turkey national prescription data, 2012.

Last update: September 2016